England and Scotland

Englands climate can be described as temperate maritime climate, because the Gulf Stream ensures mild, maritime influenced weather. England is famous for its rain and the lush green of its countryside. Average annual rainfall in the north is more than 1,600 mm, but central and southern England receive an average of less than 800 mm. The coldest months are December, January and February, when the temperature is usually between 3 and 6°C. In July and August, the temperature averages between 16 and 21°C. Rain falls throughout the year, and the weather in England can sometimes change very quickly. Especially in fall and winter strong atlantic low-pressure systems can bring gales and uncomfortable weather with heavy rain, showers or even thunderstorms.

Like the rest of the United Kingdom, the climate of Scotland is also subject to the moderating influences of the Gulf Stream, athough the temperatures are generally lower than in the other parts of Great Britan. Temperate winters and cool summers are typical, and extreme seasonal variations are rare. Low temperatures, however, are common in mountainous parts of scotland during the winter months, especially in the Scottisch Highlands, where the weather conditions are somertimes very harsh with gales and heavy rainfall, or blizzard conditions in the winter.

In the western coastal region, where the moderating effects of the Gulf Stream are strongest, conditions are somewhat milder than in the east. The average January temperature of the eastern coastal region is 3°C, and the average January temperature of the western coastal region is 4°C; General July Temperatures are 14°C and 15°C. The average January and July temperatures for the city of Edinburgh are 3°C and 14°C.

Required clothing:
Lightweights with rainwear for summer, waterproof Medium- to Heavyweights for winter. Be prepared for sometimes very harsch weather conditions in the mountainous regions of Scotland.

Koeppen-Geiger classification:
The climate of England can be classified as Cfb Climate; a warm temperated humid climate with the warmest month lower than 22°C over average and four or more months above 10°C over average. The mountainous areas in Wales and Scotland have a Cfc Climate which is similar to a Cfb Climate, but with less than four months above 10°C over average.